How to Install And Configure Windows Server Distributed File System (DFS)

Using a Common File System, the Distributed File System (DFS) allows users of physically distributed systems to share their data and resources. Local Area Networks (LANs) connect workstations and mainframes over a Distributed File System (DFS).

What is Microsoft Windows DFS?

Microsoft Windows DFS is an open standard that lets organizations with Microsoft Windows servers synchronize many distributed SMB shares into one distributed file system. In terms of DFS itself, there are two main components: Location transparency (via the namespace component) and redundancy (via the file replication component). Data can be logically grouped into a single folder, the “DFS root,” in case of failures or heavy loads.

Below are the steps which you can follow for Microsoft Windows DFS

First share the folder on both the server

On Both Server Install DFS

Install Windows Server Failover Cluster
Confirm Installation

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Goto Server 1 , Tools --> DFS Management and Right click--> New Name space

Enter host name like server1

DFS Management
Namespace Server

Give a common name

Namespace Name and Settings

Select Domain Based

Namespace Type

Click Create

Review Settings and Create Namespace

Click Close


Go to Namespace --> New Folder

Go to Namespace

Click on New Folder, add sales Mumbai folder

Click on New Folder

Goto server 2, Add namespace to display

Goto Server

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Click on New folder

Click on New Folder

Add Sales Pune

Add Sales Pune

From PC we can see both shared folder in one shared folder

Shared Folders


Create a Folder named as Backup Mumbai

Go to DC – New replication Group

New Replication Group

Select Multipurpose

Select Multipurpose

Give Name like Backup Mumbai

Give Name like Backup Mumbai

Add the DFS Server like server 1 and server 2

Add the DFS Server 1 and Server 2

Select full mesh

Select Full Mesh
New Replication Group Wizard

Select the Server from where u want to copy data

Select the Server from where you want to copy data

Locate the backup folder path

Locate the backup folder path

Add the destination server, click on edit

Add the Destination Server
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Enable and show the path

Enable and Show the path
Review Settings
Local Path of Backup Mumbai
Confirmation 2
Backup File Mumbai

Create some file in backup Mumbai folder and same will be replicated to backup of Mumbai folder

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