History of Cloud Computing
Traditionally, computing was done on a client-server basis, a centralized storage system where all the applications, data, and controls would be kept on a single server.
MIT professor John MacCharty made a speech in 1961 that suggested computing can be sold as a utility, like electricity and water. Like all great ideas, this one was ahead of its time because although there was interest in the model, the technology wasn’t ready in the next few decades.
Since 1999, Salesforce.com has offered applications through its website. Because applications were delivered over the Internet, the dream of computing as a utility became a reality.
It was all the big players who contributed to the evolution of cloud computing. Some came early, while others came later. Since 2002, Amazon Web Services has provided services such as computing, storage, and artificial intelligence. However, with the launch of Elastic Compute Cloud in 2006, the world finally had an open platform for everyone to use. By 2009, the company also began offering cloud-based enterprise applications. Microsoft launched the Windows Azure cloud computing service in 2009, and others have joined in, including Oracle and HP. Such developments prove that cloud computing has become a mainstream technology.
What Is Cloud Computing?
In this internet age, ‘cloud’ is a common buzzword, but what does it mean, and how does it impact your work?
Clouds: what are they? Where are they? Are we currently in the cloud? Probably you’ve asked yourself or heard someone ask these questions. It seems that cloud computing is everywhere.
An overview of cloud computing is that it provides on-demand access to computing power and storage without users having to manage the resources actively. The functions of large clouds are generally distributed over multiple data centers. The cloud collaborates to achieve efficiencies of scale by sharing resources, using a “pay-as-you-go” model that reduces capital expenses but can also cause additional operating costs for unaware customers.
Cloud computing services can only be considered if you can access your data or utilize your programs while connected to the Internet, or at the very least, synchronize your data with other information online. Even though large corporations may see everything that happens on the other side of the connection, an average person may not realize the amounts of data is processed in data centers that consume more power per day than your entire city would in a whole year. Cloud computing can be done from anywhere, anytime, as long as there is an internet connection.
Cloud servers has grown in popularity over the past few years. Cloud computing has led to more and more businesses using different cloud services. A cloud computing services platform provides virtual machines, databases, processing, memory, storage, messaging, events, and pay-as-you-go computing resources that businesses and individuals can consume. The services delivered by cloud computing are generally better than older ones. As an example, the pay-as-you-go model charges for services as they are used.
In contrast to traditional computing, that model does not require paying for resources not used. Your monthly usage is tracked by a meter, just like a water connection or an electricity line. You then pay based on that usage.
Major Players In Cloud Computing:
Advantages of Cloud Computing
Cloud network technology is on the rise. To accelerate the company’s growth, almost every company moved its services to the cloud.
Cloud computing services has some important advantages that we will discuss here:
- Back up and restore your data.
Once the data is stored in the cloud, it becomes easier to backup and restores it via the cloud.
- Collaboration enhanced
The cloud allows people to share information more quickly and easily via shared storage, thereby improving collaboration.
- It is highly accessible.
Cloud servers allows us to access information quickly and easily anywhere and anytime online using an internet connection. Having access to data 24/7 through an internet cloud infrastructure increases organization productivity and efficiency.
- Cost-effective maintenance
Organizations can reduce hardware and software maintenance costs by using cloud computing platforms.
Mobile access to cloud data is made easy through cloud computing companies.
- Services with a pay-per-use model
Cloud computing offers Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for users to access cloud services, and users are billed based on their usage.
- The ability to store unlimited data
A cloud storage system offers us a large amount of storage space to store our important documents, images, audio, video, etc., in one place.
- Security of data
One of the most significant advantages of cloud computing is data security. When transferring data between cloud services, verify that there is no leak in the encryption key to encrypt the data before sending it. Cloud services provide many advanced features related to security, ensuring that data is securely stored and handled.
Who Can Use Cloud Computing?
Every type of organization, no matter the size, and every industry uses the cloud in various ways, such as data storage, disaster recovery, email, virtual desktops, software development, testing, big data analytics, and customer-facing web applications.
Cloud computing makes it possible to store your files online so they can be accessed, stored, and retrieved from any web-enabled device. Usually, the web services interface is simple. Anywhere and at any time, your environment is accessible, scalable, and secure.
Cloud service providers offer several different applications, such as art, business, data storage, backup services, education, entertainment, management, social networking, etc.
Most Widely Used Cloud Computing Applications:
- Art Applications
- Business Applications
- Data Storage and Backup Applications
- Education Applications
- Entertainment Applications
- Management Applications
- Social Applications
Types of Cloud Networking
Depending on your organization’s needs, you can deploy three types of clouds:
Public Cloud Networking
By pay-as-you-use system, the public cloud network allows anyone to store and access information using the Internet. Microsoft, Google App Engine, IBM SmartCloud Enterprise, Amazon elastic compute cloud (EC2).
Private Cloud Networking
A corporate cloud or internal cloud is a type of private cloud network. Organizations use it to build and manage their own data centers internally or through third parties. A private cloud consists of two components:
Private cloud hosted on-premises
Private cloud services outsourced
Hybrid Cloud Networking
It combines public cloud computing with private cloud computing.
Public Cloud + Private Cloud = Hybrid Cloud
In a hybrid cloud network, the public cloud services can be accessed by anyone, while an organization’s users can only access the private cloud services.
There are many examples of this: Google Apps (Gmail, Google Apps, Google Drive), Microsoft Office 365 (One Drive and MS Office on the Web), and Amazon Web Services.
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